What exactly is Alzheimer’s disease?

With the process of ageing, the body and mind undergoes many changes mostly initiating from the weakening of cells. Older people are often affected by different forms of dementia, one of which is Alzheimer’s disease. In this disease the neuron cells deteriorate and get lost gradually with time affecting the intellectual abilities such as intelligence, remembering capacity, reflex action and reasoning of the brain. This loss of nerve cells in the brain is irreversible i.e. cannot be retained or regenerated and hence affects the major functioning of brain. In medical terms, this disease is known as a neurological disease which is considered to be progressive and worsens in the future.

Course of the disease

Alzheimer mostly affects the neurotransmitters of the brain and disables to transmit impulses through reducing the percentage of the vital chemicals in the brain. It changes the structure of the brain drastically by developing tangles in specific regions. However, this cannot be cured but through proper treatment the process and advancement of the disease can be slowed down.

Factors responsible for Alzheimer

•    Ageing is the most important risk factor of attaining this disease i.e. with the deteriorating of the nerve cells and weakening memory.
•    Severe damage and injury of brain due to any accident destroys the count of neurons and this leads to Alzheimer in older days.
•    Women ageing process is longer than men and hence it is most likely to affect larger percentage of women.
•    There are chances that the disease can also be inherited from a close family member suffering from the same.
•    Recent researches explain that people having atrial fibrillation tend to develop this disease.
•    There are certain proteins that trigger the disease. These proteins are found in larger percentage in Down syndrome people’s body due to the presence of extra pair of chromosome.
•    The presence of excessive nitrates in foods and environment surrounding a person has possibility of developing Alzheimer.

A footnote to bethink

The detection and diagnosis of the disease is difficult because the signs and symptoms are similar to many other forms of dementia and diseases. Medical science has failed to develop any cure for it and hence it ultimately causes death of the patients in the later stage. However, many researchers have concluded that an active lifestyle filled with activities such as aerobic exercise, gardening, dancing and cycling can avoid the advancement of the disease.